• Fourth quarter 2020 net income increased $41 million, or 57%, over fourth quarter 2019

HOUSTON--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Westlake Chemical Corporation (NYSE: WLK) (the "Company" or "Westlake") today reported net income attributable to Westlake for the three months ended December 31, 2020 of $113 million, or $0.87 per diluted share, on net sales of $1,965 million. Net income in the fourth quarter of 2020 increased by $41 million from fourth quarter 2019 net income of $72 million, or $0.56 per share, on net sales of $1,883 million. Income from operations of $178 million for the fourth quarter of 2020 increased by $76 million from income from operations of $102 million for the fourth quarter of 2019. The increases in net income and income from operations were primarily due to higher sales prices and margins for polyethylene and PVC resin and higher earnings resulting from strong demand in our downstream building products business. These increases were partially offset by lost sales and production volumes, increased maintenance expense and other costs resulting from lower production at our Lake Charles, Louisiana facilities from two hurricanes that impacted Southwest Louisiana in August and October 2020, higher ethylene and fuel costs and lower sales prices for caustic soda. Compared to the prior-year period, net income was also impacted by higher income tax expense as the fourth quarter of 2019 included a one-time tax benefit of $29 million.

Fourth quarter 2020 net income of $113 million, or $0.87 per share, increased by $56 million from third quarter 2020 net income of $57 million, or $0.45 per share. Income from operations of $178 million for the fourth quarter of 2020 increased by $99 million from income from operations of $79 million for the third quarter of 2020. The increases in net income and income from operations versus the prior quarter were primarily due to higher prices and margins for polyethylene and PVC resin as well as lower restructuring charges. These increases were partially offset by lower sales volumes resulting from the impacts of the hurricanes, lower caustic soda prices, seasonally lower earnings in our downstream building products business and higher fuel costs.

For full year 2020, net income of $330 million, or $2.56 per share, decreased by $91 million from 2019 net income of $421 million, or $3.25 per share. Full year 2020 income from operations of $429 million decreased by $227 million from 2019 income from operations of $656 million. The decreases in net income and income from operations were primarily due to the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, which resulted in lower sales volumes and lower sales prices in the first half of 2020, and the hurricanes that hit Southwest Louisiana, which resulted in lost sales and production volumes and increased maintenance expense in the second half of 2020. Compared to the prior year, full year 2020 net income and income from operations were also impacted by lower sales prices for caustic soda while benefitting from higher earnings in our downstream building products business, higher contributions from our ethylene joint venture with Lotte Chemical ("LACC"), a lower effective tax rate and a carryback of federal net operating losses of $95 million resulting from the CARES Act.

"Westlake had a strong finish to the year as we restarted all of our production in Lake Charles following two powerful hurricanes that hit Southwest Louisiana. With our operations restored in the middle of the fourth quarter, we were able to capitalize on the robust global demand and benefit from higher prices and margins for most of our products," said Albert Chao, President and Chief Executive Officer. "We believe this strength in global demand in polyethylene and PVC, coupled with the rise in housing starts and new building permits will continue into 2021. This will also highlight the value in our downstream building products business. The highly integrated nature of Westlake, which extends through the value chain from feedstocks to consumer end products, combined with many of our operations sitting on the lower end of the global cost curve, enables us to drive long-term value for our shareholders throughout the business and investment cycles inherent in our industry. We will remain focused on our strategy of safely and efficiently operating our facilities, while making disciplined investments, developing new and green products, furthering our chain integration, lowering our costs and leveraging our current products and footprint around the world, while being a good steward of the environment in the communities in which we operate."

Net cash provided by operating activities was $431 million for the fourth quarter of 2020 and $1,297 million for the full year 2020. As of December 31, 2020, cash and cash equivalents were $1,313 million and long-term debt was $3,566 million. Capital expenditures were $122 million and $525 million for the fourth quarter and full year 2020, respectively.

EBITDA (earnings before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization) of $386 million for fourth quarter 2020 increased by $90 million compared to fourth quarter 2019 EBITDA of $296 million. Fourth quarter 2020 EBITDA increased by $99 million compared to third quarter 2020 EBITDA of $287 million. For full year 2020, EBITDA of $1,246 million was $161 million lower than EBITDA for full year 2019 of $1,407 million. A reconciliation of EBITDA to net income, income from operations, and net cash provided by operating activities can be found in the financial schedules at the end of this press release.

VINYLS SEGMENT

Fourth quarter 2020 income from operations for the Vinyls segment of $166 million increased by $98 million from fourth quarter 2019 income from operations of $68 million. This increase in income from operations versus the prior-year period was primarily due to higher sales and margins for PVC resin and higher earnings in our downstream building products business. The increase in operating income was partially offset by lower sales volumes and production resulting from the hurricanes, lower sales prices for caustic soda and higher fuel costs.

Vinyls income from operations for the fourth quarter of 2020 of $166 million increased by $124 million from third quarter 2020 income from operations of $42 million primarily due to higher sales prices and margins for PVC resin and lower restructuring costs. These increases were partially offset by lower sales volumes resulting from the hurricanes, seasonally lower earnings in our downstream building products business and higher fuel costs.

For full year 2020, Vinyls income from operations of $301 million decreased by $150 million from income from operations of $451 million for full year 2019. This decrease in income from operations was primarily due to the impacts on sales volumes and prices from the COVID-19 pandemic and the hurricanes. The impact on operating income was partially offset by higher earnings in our downstream building products business, higher contributions from LACC and lower fuel costs when compared to the prior year.

OLEFINS SEGMENT

Fourth quarter 2020 income from operations for the Olefins segment of $22 million decreased by $27 million from fourth quarter 2019 income from operations of $49 million. This decrease in income from operations versus the prior-year period was primarily due to lower sales volumes and lost production resulting from the impact of hurricanes, partially offset by higher sales prices and margins for polyethylene.

Olefins income from operations of $22 million in the fourth quarter of 2020 decreased by $29 million from third quarter 2020 income from operations of $51 million. This decrease in income from operations versus the prior quarter was primarily due to lower sales volumes as a result of the hurricanes, partially offset by higher sales prices and margins for polyethylene.

For full year 2020, Olefins income from operations of $160 million decreased by $100 million from income from operations of $260 million for full year 2019. This decrease in income from operations was primarily due to lower sales volumes and lost production for our major products as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and the impacts of hurricanes, and lower realized sales prices due to the sharp drop in global oil prices in the first half of 2020.

The statements in this release and the related teleconference relating to matters that are not historical facts, including statements regarding continued improvement of our performance in 2021, demand for polyethylene, PVC and downstream business products, results of investments in initiatives and delivering long-term value to shareholders, are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are subject to significant risks and uncertainties. Actual results could differ materially, based on factors including, but not limited to: the COVID-19 pandemic and the response thereto; general economic and business conditions; the cyclical nature of the chemical industry; availability, cost and volatility of raw materials and utilities, including natural gas and natural gas liquids from shale production; the price of crude oil; uncertainties associated with the United States and worldwide economies, including those due to global economic and financial conditions; governmental regulatory actions, including environmental regulation and changes in trade policies; political unrest; industry production capacity and operating rates; the supply/demand balance for Westlake's products; competitive products and pricing pressures; access to capital markets; technological developments; the effect and results of litigation and settlements of litigation; operating interruptions; and other risk factors. For more detailed information about the factors that could cause actual results to differ materially, please refer to Westlake's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, which was filed with the SEC in February 2020, and Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2020.

 

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This release makes reference to certain "non-GAAP" financial measures, such as EBITDA, as defined in Regulation G of the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. For this purpose, a non-GAAP financial measure is generally defined by the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") as a numerical measure of a registrant's historical or future financial performance, financial position or cash flows that (1) excludes amounts, or is subject to adjustments that have the effect of excluding amounts, that are included in the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP in the statement of income, balance sheet or statement of cash flows (or equivalent statements) of the registrant; or (2) includes amounts, or is subject to adjustments that have the effect of including amounts, that are excluded from the most directly comparable measure so calculated and presented. We report our financial results in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("U.S. GAAP"), but believe that certain non-GAAP financial measures, such as EBITDA, provide useful supplemental information to investors regarding the underlying business trends and performance of the Company's ongoing operations and are useful for period-over-period comparisons of such operations. These non-GAAP financial measures should be considered as a supplement to, and not as a substitute for, or superior to, the financial measures prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. A reconciliation of EBITDA to net income, income from operations and net cash provided by operating activities can be found in the financial schedules at the end of this press release.

About Westlake:

Westlake is a global manufacturer and supplier of materials and innovative products that enhance life every day. Headquartered in Houston, we provide the building blocks for vital solutions — from packaging and healthcare products to automotive and consumer goods, to building and construction products. For more information, visit the company's web site at www.westlake.com.

Westlake Chemical Corporation Conference Call Information:

A conference call to discuss Westlake Chemical Corporation's fourth quarter and full year 2020 results will be held Tuesday, February 23, 2021 at 11:00 AM Eastern Time (10:00 AM Central Time). To access the conference call, dial (855) 760-8160 or (704) 288-0624 for international callers, approximately 10 minutes prior to the scheduled start time and reference passcode 308 97 28.

A replay of the conference call will be available beginning two hours after its conclusion until 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on March 2, 2021. To hear a replay, dial (855) 859-2056 or (404) 537-3406 for international callers. The replay passcode is 308 97 28.

The conference call will also be available via webcast at https://edge.media-server.com/mmc/p/atqiwr7g and the earnings release can be obtained via the Company's web page at: http://www.westlake.com/investor-relations.

WESTLAKE CHEMICAL CORPORATION  

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31,

 

Twelve Months Ended December 31,

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(In millions of dollars, except per share data)

Net sales

 

$

1,965

 

 

 

$

1,883

 

 

 

$

7,504

 

 

 

$

8,118

 

 

Cost of sales

 

1,642

 

 

 

1,633

 

 

 

6,481

 

 

 

6,858

 

 

Gross profit

 

323

 

 

 

250

 

 

 

1,023

 

 

 

1,260

 

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

117

 

 

 

115

 

 

 

449

 

 

 

458

 

 

Amortization of intangibles

 

28

 

 

 

28

 

 

 

109

 

 

 

109

 

 

Restructuring, transaction and integration-related costs

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

36

 

 

 

37

 

 

Income from operations

 

178

 

 

 

102

 

 

 

429

 

 

 

656

 

 

Interest expense

 

(34

)

 

 

(35

)

 

 

(142

)

 

 

(124

)

 

Other income, net

 

12

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

44

 

 

 

38

 

 

Income before income taxes

 

156

 

 

 

73

 

 

 

331

 

 

 

570

 

 

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes

 

33

 

 

 

(12

)

 

 

(42

)

 

 

108

 

 

Net income

 

123

 

 

 

85

 

 

 

373

 

 

 

462

 

 

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

10

 

 

 

13

 

 

 

43

 

 

 

41

 

 

Net income attributable to Westlake Chemical

Corporation

 

$

113

 

 

 

$

72

 

 

 

$

330

 

 

 

$

421

 

 

Earnings per common share attributable to Westlake

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chemical Corporation:

Basic

 

$

0.87

 

 

 

$

0.56

 

 

 

$

2.57

 

 

 

$

3.26

 

 

Diluted

 

$

0.87

 

 

 

$

0.56

 

 

 

$

2.56

 

 

 

$

3.25

 

 

WESTLAKE CHEMICAL CORPORATION  

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31,

2020

 

December 31,

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(In millions of dollars)

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

1,313

 

 

$

728

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

1,214

 

 

1,036

 

Inventories

 

918

 

 

936

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

32

 

 

42

 

Total current assets

 

3,477

 

 

2,742

 

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

6,920

 

 

6,912

 

Other assets, net

 

3,438

 

 

3,607

 

Total assets

 

$

13,835

 

 

$

13,261

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities (accounts payable and accrued and other liabilities)

 

$

1,357

 

 

$

1,241

 

Long-term debt, net

 

3,566

 

 

3,445

 

Other liabilities

 

2,334

 

 

2,172

 

Total liabilities

 

7,257

 

 

6,858

 

Total Westlake Chemical Corporation stockholders' equity

 

6,043

 

 

5,860

 

Noncontrolling interests

 

535

 

 

543

 

Total equity

 

6,578

 

 

6,403

 

Total liabilities and equity

 

$

13,835

 

 

$

13,261

 

WESTLAKE CHEMICAL CORPORATION  

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

Twelve Months Ended December 31,

 

 

2020

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(In millions of dollars)

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

373

 

 

 

$

462

 

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

773

 

 

 

713

 

 

Deferred income taxes

 

146

 

 

 

54

 

 

Net loss on disposition and others

 

83

 

 

 

75

 

 

Other balance sheet changes

 

(78

)

 

 

(3

)

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

1,297

 

 

 

1,301

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

 

Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired

 

 

 

 

(314

)

 

Additions to investments in unconsolidated subsidiaries

 

(18

)

 

 

(862

)

 

Additions to property, plant and equipment

 

(525

)

 

 

(787

)

 

Return of investment from an unconsolidated subsidiary

 

44

 

 

 

 

 

Other, net

 

(10

)

 

 

9

 

 

Net cash used for investing activities

 

(509

)

 

 

(1,954

)

 

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

 

Distributions to noncontrolling interests

 

(55

)

 

 

(50

)

 

Dividends paid

 

(137

)

 

 

(132

)

 

Net proceeds from debt issuance and drawdown of revolver

 

1,299

 

 

 

784

 

 

Net proceeds from issuance of Westlake Chemical Partners LP common units

 

 

 

 

63

 

 

Net proceeds from (repayment of) short-term notes payable

 

(17

)

 

 

2

 

 

Repayment of revolver and senior notes

 

(1,254

)

 

 

 

 

Repurchase of common stock for treasury

 

(54

)

 

 

(30

)

 

Other, net

 

2

 

 

 

(7

)

 

Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities

 

(216

)

 

 

630

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

15

 

 

 

(2

)

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

587

 

 

 

(25

)

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of the year

 

750

 

 

 

775

 

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of the year

 

$

1,337

 

 

 

$

750

 

 

WESTLAKE CHEMICAL CORPORATION  

SEGMENT INFORMATION

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31,

 

Twelve Months Ended December 31,

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(In millions of dollars)

Net external sales

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vinyls

 

$

1,590

 

 

 

$

1,485

 

 

 

$

5,972

 

 

 

$

6,336

 

 

Olefins

 

375

 

 

 

398

 

 

 

1,532

 

 

 

1,782

 

 

 

 

$

1,965

 

 

 

$

1,883

 

 

 

$

7,504

 

 

 

$

8,118

 

 

Income (loss) from operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vinyls

 

$

166

 

 

 

$

68

 

 

 

$

301

 

 

 

$

451

 

 

Olefins

 

22

 

 

 

49

 

 

 

160

 

 

 

260

 

 

Corporate and other

 

(10

)

 

 

(15

)

 

 

(32

)

 

 

(55

)

 

 

 

$

178

 

 

 

$

102

 

 

 

$

429

 

 

 

$

656

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vinyls

 

$

159

 

 

 

$

150

 

 

 

$

626

 

 

 

$

563

 

 

Olefins

 

35

 

 

 

36

 

 

 

139

 

 

 

142

 

 

Corporate and other

 

2

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

$

196

 

 

 

$

188

 

 

 

$

773

 

 

 

$

713

 

 

Other income, net

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vinyls

 

$

9

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

$

30

 

 

 

$

18

 

 

Olefins

 

2

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

5

 

 

Corporate and other

 

1

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

15

 

 

 

 

$

12

 

 

 

$

6

 

 

 

$

44

 

 

 

$

38

 

 

WESTLAKE CHEMICAL CORPORATION  

RECONCILIATION OF EBITDA TO NET INCOME, INCOME FROM

OPERATIONS AND NET CASH PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months
Ended September 30,

 

Three Months Ended December 31,

 

Twelve Months Ended December 31,

 

 

2020

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(In millions of dollars)

Net cash provided by operating

activities

 

$

357

 

 

 

$

431

 

 

 

$

333

 

 

 

$

1,297

 

 

 

$

1,301

 

 

Changes in operating assets and

liabilities and other

 

(230

)

 

 

(316

)

 

 

(228

)

 

 

(778

)

 

 

(785

)

 

Deferred income taxes

 

(58

)

 

 

8

 

 

 

(20

)

 

 

(146

)

 

 

(54

)

 

Net income

 

69

 

 

 

123

 

 

 

85

 

 

 

373

 

 

 

462

 

 

Less:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income, net

 

12

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

44

 

 

 

38

 

 

Interest expense

 

(37

)

 

 

(34

)

 

 

(35

)

 

 

(142

)

 

 

(124

)

 

Benefit from (provision for) income

taxes

 

15

 

 

 

(33

)

 

 

12

 

 

 

42

 

 

 

(108

)

 

Income from operations

 

79

 

 

 

178

 

 

 

102

 

 

 

429

 

 

 

656

 

 

Add:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

196

 

 

 

196

 

 

 

188

 

 

 

773

 

 

 

713

 

 

Other income, net

 

12

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

44

 

 

 

38

 

 

EBITDA

 

$

287

 

 

 

$

386

 

 

 

$

296

 

 

 

$

1,246

 

 

 

$

1,407

 

 

WESTLAKE CHEMICAL CORPORATION  

SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION  

Product Sales Price and Volume Variance by Operating Segments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fourth Quarter 2020 vs.
Fourth
Quarter 2019

 

Fourth Quarter 2020 vs.
Third Quarter
2020

 

 

Average

Sales Price

 

Volume

 

Average

Sales Price

 

Volume

Vinyls

 

+9.2%

 

-2.3%

 

+9.3%

 

-5.4%

Olefins

 

+9.7%

 

-15.2%

 

+6.3%

 

-4.4%

Company

 

+9.3%

 

-5.0%

 

+8.7%

 

-5.2%

Average Quarterly Industry Prices (1)

 

 

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

December 31,
2019

 

March 31,
2020

 

June 30,
2020

 

September 30,
2020

 

December 31,
2020

Average domestic prices

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ethane (cents/lb) (2)

 

6.3

 

 

4.7

 

 

6.4

 

 

7.4

 

 

7.1

 

Propane (cents/lb) (3)

 

11.8

 

 

8.8

 

 

9.6

 

 

11.9

 

 

13.5

 

Ethylene (cents/lb) (4)

 

22.8

 

 

15.8

 

 

11.0

 

 

19.3

 

 

24.0

 

Polyethylene (cents/lb) (5)

 

54.0

 

 

52.3

 

 

49.0

 

 

61.0

 

 

67.7

 

Styrene (cents/lb) (6)

 

77.1

 

 

62.3

 

 

48.3

 

 

53.8

 

 

59.6

 

Caustic soda ($/short ton) (7)

 

662

 

 

648

 

 

698

 

 

697

 

 

653

 

Chlorine ($/short ton) (8)

 

175

 

 

176

 

 

175

 

 

176

 

 

193

 

PVC (cents/lb) (9)

 

67.8

 

 

71.8

 

 

66.5

 

 

73.3

 

 

84.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average export prices

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Polyethylene (cents/lb) (10)

 

37.7

 

 

39.4

 

 

38.5

 

 

45.7

 

 

53.2

 

Caustic soda ($/short ton) (11)

 

219

 

 

203

 

 

319

 

 

260

 

 

219

 

PVC (cents/lb) (12)

 

33.6

 

 

36.9

 

 

27.5

 

 

38.5

 

 

55.4

 

________________

(1)

Industry pricing data was obtained through IHS Markit ("IHS"). We have not independently verified the data.

(2)

Average Mont Belvieu spot prices of purity ethane over the period.

(3)

Average Mont Belvieu spot prices of non-TET propane over the period.

(4)

Average North American spot prices of ethylene over the period.

(5)

Average North American Net Transaction prices of polyethylene low density GP-Film grade over the period.

(6)

Average North American contract prices of styrene over the period.

(7)

Average USGC-CSLi index values for caustic soda over the period. As stated by IHS, "the caustic soda price listing represents the USGC-CSLi values. USGC-CSLi does not reflect contract price discounts, implementation lags, caps or other adjustments factors. Additionally, it is not intended to represent a simple arithmetic average of all market transactions occurring during the month. Rather, the USGC-CSLi is most representative of the month-to-month caustic soda price movement for contract volumes of liquid 50% caustic soda rather than the absolute value of contract prices at a particular point in time. It is intended to serve only as a benchmark."

(8)

Average North American contract prices of chlorine over the period.

(9)

Average North American contract prices of pipe grade polyvinyl chloride ("PVC") over the period. As stated by IHS, "the contract resin prices posted reflect an "index" or "market" for prices before discounts, rebates, incentives, etc."

(10)

Average North American export price for low density polyethylene GP-Film grade over the period.

(11)

Average North American low spot export prices of caustic soda over the period.

(12)

Average North American spot export prices of PVC over the period.

 

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Media— L. Benjamin Ederington

Source: Westlake Chemical Corporation